About Thailand

About Thailand

Thailand is the world’s 51st-largest country in terms of total area, with an area of approximately 513,000 km2 (198,000 sq mi), and is the 21st-most-populous country, with around 64 million people. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, which is Thailand’s political, commercial, industrial and cultural hub. About 75% of the population is ethnically Thai, 14% is of Chinese origin, and 3% is ethnically Malay, the rest belong to minority groups including Mons, Khmers and various hill tribes. The country’s official language is Thai. The primary religion is Buddhism, which is practiced by around 95% of the population.

Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1995, and is presently a newly industrialized country and a major exporter. Tourism also contributes significantly to the Thai economy, as the country is home to a number of well-known tourist destinations, including Ayutthaya, Pattaya, Bangkok, Phuket, Krabi, Chiang Mai, Hua Hin and Koh Samui.

Founding of Thailand in year 545

(formerly called Siam)

Most historians believe the Thais, originated from southern China in the early part of the Christian era. Firstly forming a number of city-states in the north of what is present-day Thailand, in places like Chiang Saen, Chiang Rai and Chiang Mai. Eventually the Thais migrated further south to the fertile central plains, and expanded their influence over nearly the whole of the Indochina Peninsula. Contradictory as it may seem, recent archaeological discoveries around the northeast territories suggest that the world’s oldest Bronze Age civilization was flourishing in Thailand some 5,000 years ago.

Sukhothai was the first Thai kingdom. Founded in 1238 by two Thai governors, Khun Bang Klang Thao (Sri Inthrathit) and Khun Pha Muang who rebelled against the Khmers; giving independence to the region. Sukhothai period was the most flourishing period of Thailand. Gaining its independence in 1238 and quickly expanding its boundary of influence. Sukhothai period was considered to be a golden age of Thai culture.


Also See Thai Culture

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